A psychologist generally administers the cognitive testing.The psychologist or developmental pediatrician may also use a test to determine adaptive skills.Prior to the establishment of the group, the only specific services for children with intellectual disabilities were provided by Minda Home.
They may take longer to learn to speak, walk, dress, or eat by themselves.
K.), the Scandinavian countries and Australia, have seen similar movements (Malin, 1981; Rowitz, 1990; Parmenter, 1999).
As a result of these changes in developed countries, much debate and research has focused on the prevention of MR, deinstitutionalization, and the education and employment of individuals with MR (Tizard, 1971; Clarke, 1991; Anderson et al., 1998). S., these themes are reflected in court cases, legislative actions and federal initiatives, including Wyatt v.
Stickney (1972), Public Law 94-142 and its successor, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) and reports by the President's Committee on Mental Retardation (Anderson et al., 1998).
Globally, a variety of international organizations, such as the International Association of Scientific Studies on Intellectual Disability, have been developed to support and study both the prevention of MR and the public education concerning individuals with MR (Clarke, 1991).